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How are sandstorms formed and what influences their strength?

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Sandstorms are formed when strong winds pick up loose sand particles from the ground and carry them high into the air, creating a dense cloud of blowing sand. The strength of a sandstorm is influenced by several factors, including wind speed, the amount of loose sand available to be picked up, and the duration of the storm. Stronger winds can lift larger amounts of sand, creating more severe sandstorms. Additionally, dry and arid environments with little vegetation are more prone to generating intense sandstorms due to the abundance of loose sand particles.