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How do autonomous vehicles (AVs) work, and what are the potential implications for society and urban planning?

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Autonomous vehicles (AVs) work through a combination of sensors, cameras, radars, and artificial intelligence algorithms that enable them to navigate and operate without human input. These sensors gather information about the vehicle's surroundings, such as other vehicles, pedestrians, and road signs, allowing the AI system to make real-time decisions on steering, accelerating, and braking.

The potential implications for society and urban planning of autonomous vehicles are significant. AVs have the potential to improve road safety by reducing human errors, increase mobility for individuals who cannot drive, reduce traffic congestion through improved traffic flow, and lower transportation costs.

In terms of urban planning, AVs could lead to reduced need for parking spaces as they can drop off passengers and continue to the next destination. This could free up valuable urban space for parks, housing, or commercial developments. Additionally, AVs may change the way cities are designed, with a potential shift towards more pedestrian-friendly environments as AVs prioritize safety and efficiency. Overall, AVs have the potential to reshape society and urban planning in numerous ways.