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How to make soap?

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by (535 points)
  1. Derretir y verter: este sencillo proceso consiste en derretir bloques de jabón prefabricados y agregar su propia fragancia.
  2. Proceso en frío: El proceso en frío es el método más común para hacer jabón desde cero utilizando aceites y lejía.
  3. Proceso en caliente: una variación del método del proceso en frío, el proceso en caliente requiere cocinar el jabón en una olla de cocción lenta o en un horno.
  4. Rebatido: este método muele y vuelve a mezclar lotes de jabón casero mal elaborado.

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To make soap, you will need the following ingredients and equipment:

  • Ingredients: lye (sodium hydroxide), water, oils (such as coconut oil, olive oil, and palm oil), and any desired additives (like essential oils, herbs, or colorants).
  • Equipment: safety gear (gloves, goggles, long-sleeved clothing), a digital scale, a thermometer, a heat-resistant container, a stick blender, and soap molds.

Here is a basic overview of the soap-making process:

  1. Prepare your work area and gather all your ingredients and equipment.
  2. Measure out the lye and water separately, then carefully mix them together in a well-ventilated area (due to fumes).
  3. Heat the oils in a separate container until they reach the desired temperature.
  4. Once both the lye solution and oils are at the right temperature, slowly pour the lye solution into the oils while mixing with a stick blender.
  5. Continue blending until the mixture reaches "trace," which is when it thickens to a pudding-like consistency.
  6. Add any additives like essential oils, herbs, or colorants and mix well.
  7. Pour the soap mixture into molds and cover with a towel or blanket to insulate.
  8. After 24-48 hours, unmold the soap and cut it into bars.
  9. Allow the soap to cure for 4-6 weeks in a well-ventilated area.

Remember to follow all safety precautions when working with lye, as it is a caustic substance. Additionally, there are many variations and techniques for making soap, so feel free to experiment and find what works best for you.

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